Fortification of wheat flour is a cost-effective public health intervention that can reduce vitamin and mineral deficiencies (VMD) and prevent birth defects such as Neural Tube Defects (NTDs) due to folic acid deficiency. Wheat flour fortification can potentially reduce iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia. Iron helps children develop physically and mentally, and it improves the health of pregnant women. Adequate intake of vitamin B12 through fortified flour can also improve mental growth and development of children. Therefore, the health impact of fortifying wheat flour with iron, folic acid and vitamin B12 is immense.
The average Indian derives his calorie intake thorough cereals. Wheat occupies second position in terms of consumption after rice. Per capita wheat consumption in India is approximately 50kg/ year .
Wheat flour fortified as per the recommendations from FSSAI will provide one third of the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of various essential vitamins and minerals.
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